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Collapsed Lung (Pneumothorax)

A pneumothorax is a collapsed lung and has two basic types: traumatic and nontraumatic (spontaneous). The condition occurs when air enters the space around the lungs and causes them to collapse, often as a result of a chest injury, lung disease, or mechanical ventilation. Symptoms include sudden chest pain and shortness of breath. Treatments include inserting a chest tube between the ribs to remove excess air, and pleurodesis to prevent the formation of a future pneumothorax.
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